Multiple sclerosis treatment is usually planned after the diagnosis for multiple sclerosis (MS) is confirmed. 

What is multiple sclerosis? 

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic condition that affects the brain, spinal cord, and optic nerve of the eyes. It can lead to problems in muscle control, balance, and vision.  

The exact cause of MS is still unknown though specialists believe it’s a combination of different factors. These include immunologic (inflammation and damage to the myelin sheath as a result of immune-mediated response), environmental (vitamin D deficiency, smoking, obesity), infectious (chlamydia pneumonia, measles, human herpes), and genetic (a family history of MS). 

Is there a cure for multiple sclerosis? 

Unfortunately, there is no cure yet for the condition. Multiple sclerosis treatment is designed to only alleviate the symptoms of the disease. 

Multiple sclerosis treatment usually involved the following: 

  • Corticosteroids 

Drugs like prednisone are usually prescribed to manage MS attacks. Corticosteroids can help reduce the nerve stimulation though it can cause insomnia, fluid retention, and mood swings. 

  • Ocrelizumab  

This is the only FDA-approved drug for slowing down the disability caused by MS. 

  • Beta interferons 

These are the most common prescribed drugs for patients with MS. They help reduce the frequency as well as the severity of the relapses. 

  • Physical therapy 

When done on regular basis, it can help manage the leg weakness and gait problems associated with MS. 

  • Muscle relaxants 

Depending on one’s symptoms, muscle relaxants may be recommended to control muscle stiffness or spasms. 

  • Lifestyle changes 

To better manage the MS symptoms, necessary lifestyle changes are suggested. These include having well-balanced meals, stress management, and regular physical activity. 


Image: JD Lasica via Flickr 

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